Oscar Wilde In America


DETAiled verification of Oscar Wilde’s lecture tour of North America

Philadelphia

Pennsylvania


Association Hall 

Wednesday, May 10, 1882


The Decorative Arts

Verification

Newspaper report

The Times, (Philadelphia), May 11, 1882, 4


The full title of the lecture as advertised was: 

Art Decoration - 'The Practical Application of the Principles of the Aesthetic Theory to Exterior and Interior House Decoration, With Observations upon Dress and Personal Ornaments' (see opposite)


This latter reference to dress is an example of how Wilde was at this time was adding allusions to his subject matter that would eventually become a separate lecture (given in the UK and Ireland) and essay on the subject of Dress, a full history and exploration of which can be found in Oscar Wilde on Dress (John Cooper, CSM Press, 2013).


Printed invitation (on translucent paper)

Copies of this announcement are known at 

The Rosenbach Museum and Library (Philadelphia) and The William Andrews Clark Memorial Library (UCLA)


Clarification Of Previous Itineraries

This second lecture in Philadelphia does not appear in the previous itineraries published by Mikhail, Ellmann or Page. It does appear in Beckson but with an incorrect venue. See Itinerary Comparison.


Previous date errata

Essays and Lectures by Oscar Wilde, London: Methuen and Co., 1908, noted in reference to this lecture: "The earliest date on which it is known to have been given is May 11, 1882".


As can be seen above this date is in error, and indeed had already been corrected in Mason as early as 1914 (below).

Venue


Association Hall

1430 Chestnut Street (at 15th Street), Philadelphia, PA


Built: Addison Hutton, 1873

Demolished: 1920/21?


The 'Association' in question was the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA). See also Wilde's lecture to the YMCA in New York.


Related:

Bryn Mawr iconography

YMCA (Wikipedia)

Charles Godfrey Leland: a biography, in two volumes. Volume II, by Elizabeth Robins Pennell (his niece). Houghton, Mifflin, and Company, 1906.

A second meeting with Walt Whitman


In 1882 Walt Whitman was living in retirement in the city of Camden, a suburb of Greater Philadelphia located across the Delaware River. Wilde's meeting with Whitman on his first visit to Philadelphia on January 18th, one that lasted about two hours, is well documented.


However, the contemporaneous journal entry by Leland (opposite) indicates that Wilde met Whitman again on May 10th. Leland's account is that Wilde, again lecturing in Philadelphia, had just returned from 'an hour at the feet' of Whitman.


Indeed Wilde had written to Whitman while he was in Chicago on March 1, 1882, requesting a second visit with him.

Recommended reading:

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Oscar Wilde In America | © John Cooper, 2020